The word “mill” is defined as this: a place of business for making articles of manufacture and in this case, puppies!
The concept of puppy mills has been used by the media for several years now. In summary, these mills or farms are characterized by the massive reproduction of canines were the females are required to have two litters per year, an accelerated rhythm of reproduction, this being a very physically difficult task for the dog. The conditions in which young puppies are born, and where their parents live, are horrible. Inspectors that routinely verify these mills report these factories as unordinary and unhealthy places in which very strong nauseating odors emerge. Dogs here are tied up and kept imprisoned in tiny cages where they have to struggle even to turn around. They sometimes succumb to extreme weather conditions from which they are inadequately protected (summer heat or winter's cold) or to the harsh conditions of transportation (between puppy farms and the pet stores, for example). The animals are malnourished (quantity and quality of food, low water availability) and abused. Over time, the dogs from these farms often show behavior problems.
These unsanitary conditions (the fur sometimes covered with excrement) cause many diseases in dogs: skin diseases, eye infections and ear deformities, parasites and viruses. These dogs usually do not receive any veterinary care.
For the Humane Society International, the ultimate goal of puppy mill operators is to produce more puppies which have the least possible cost for a maximum profit. According to the Canadian organization, this cruel industry experienced strong growth in the country and now represents a sector whose value is in the millions of dollars.
It is estimated that between 1500 and 1800 puppy mills are in operation in Quebec. These generate the birth of about 400 000 puppies per year. However, it is very difficult to estimate the exact number of these cruel plants for several reasons. One of these is the remote location that operators of these farms usually choose. These "farmers" prefer to settle in sparsely inhabited areas, preserving a significant distance from other neighbors, as they could possibly complain about noise or odors. It appeared that a significant number of these farms are located near the U.S. border. Indeed, this proximity facilitates smuggling with the United States, whose trade is deemed to be lucrative. Without stricter legislation requiring all breeders to register, it will be impossible to quantify accurately the number of puppy mills in Quebec and Canada.
In November 2008, a report from the television show Enquête revealed the horror of puppy mills. On Radio-Canada’s website, in the book of journalist Alain Gravel, it is written that:
In collaboration with Farm Sanctuary, Global Action Network has also investigated another Quebec company, the Farm Fields Élisé. Several other acts of cruelty were also reported. Similar investigations in the United States, particularly for farms in the Hudson Valley Foie Gras in New York and Sonoma Foie Gras in California, have also announced similar cruel conditions. There, investigators found several open sores on birds, eye infections so serious that it was difficult to see where the eyes of the birds were eaten, other birds eaten by rats while they were still alive, some even covered with vomit.
"What emerges from the story of my colleagues, in addition to the disgusting images, is the lack of regulation in the proliferation of puppy mills in Quebec. Something must be done. The SPCA is organizing a raid on a breeder but has to look to a U.S. organization to provide a vehicle to transport the mistreated dogs! Worse, the number of inspectors from the SPCA in Quebec can be counted on the fingers of one hand. They are supported by five inspectors of Anima-Quebec. These numbers are far from the 200 inspectors in Ontario. "
In Quebec, the nonprofit organization ANIMA-Quebec (National Association of intervention for the betterment of animals) mission is to ensure the safety and well-being of dogs and cats of the province, through inspections, education and information. Created in 2002 with an initial budget of $ 150 000, the organization has been mandated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPAQ) to apply the clauses of Division IV.1.1 for safety and welfare of animals in the Animal Health Protection Act (RSQ, c. P-42). A first inspector was appointed in 2005, and their number now stands at 4 or 5 for the province. So ANIMA-Quebec is the first Quebec respondent in terms of puppy mills.
Despite this government initiative, it remains excessively complex to take to court a puppy mill operator and punish him in an appropriate way.
Only extreme cases of cruelty to animals are considered, notably by the Criminal Code of Canada. Few prosecuted cases result in penalties.
No? So, beware of free classifieds sites on the Internet, ads in newspapers or even pet stores. Puppy mills sell their first "production" to the pet shops, where ethics is not a priority. Some store owners do not take the time to visit or meet the farmer from which they got their pups. It is through a broker that the shops receive their animals. These shops buy and then resell them to unscrupulous pet stores. This is a recurrent practice for these cruel farm owners as they do not want to deal directly with the public.
Be especially wary of pet stores in which you can pick up very quickly any breed of dog or who keeps a dozen different races in store. Be sure to check the health record of the animal. The pet shop owners do not necessarily have specific training to ensure adequate animal care. In addition, the guarantees offered by these stores are similar to those applicable to material goods; we are talking about living beings here! When you buy a dog, for example, and he falls ill after a few weeks (at this point you're already attached), the manager might offer to replace it with a new one, but certainly not to pay for the hundreds of dollars in veterinary care that it requires!
In December 2010, the popular magazine Protégez-vous published an online article to help consumers make more compassionate choices when it comes to acquiring a pet. First, they advised to avoid buying a pet. It was particularly noted that Richmond, British Columbia, is the only city in the country to ban the sale of dogs in pet stores. In addition, they advised against relying on the advertisements published in newspapers or on the Internet. The article also suggested reporting any questionable practices to Anima Quebec and the SPCA, in addition to voicing your disagreement on sites that allow the publication of such advertisements.
But most importantly ... Impulsivity often goes along with cruelty. First, think about your true capability to adopt a dog. Do you have the time, energy and money necessary to raise and care for a pet? Do not do it just to please your kids and above all, do not succumb to your first sight of the animal, these stores rely mainly on this momentum for their sales. But often, the animal ends its life in a shelter ...
Also, get your pets spayed and neutered; do not contribute to the phenomenon of animal overpopulation. .
The SPA Canada has organized many events that we held in different contexts outside classrooms where puppy mill owners had to answer charges of cruelty to animals outside the offices of Prime Minister of Quebec to demand the total abolition of these farms; before several animal Quebec and Ontario that sell animals, to educate customers and owners, and to strongly encourage these shops to stop selling animals. The SPA Canada has also developed brochures and posters explaining the phenomenon of puppy mills.
In summary, the campaign against Canada SPA puppy mills is evidenced by: